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3x3 Speed Cube Guides

Get to know official WCA 3x3 Rubik's cube notations and a variety of methods to guide you through learning to solve and progressing to getting faster at speed solving your 3x3x3 cube.

3x3 Basics

Find some quick answers to some of the worlds most popular questions when it comes to the 3x3 Rubik's Cube. From CFOP to fingers tricks and much more...

Who invented the Rubik's Cube and when?

The Rubik's Cube was invented by Ernő Rubik, a Hungarian architect, in 1974. It was originally called the "Magic Cube."

What is the beginner's method for solving a 3x3 Rubik's Cube?
  1. Solving the first layer cross.
  2. Solving the first layer corners.
  3. Solving the second layer edges.
  4. Solving the last layer cross.
  5. Orienting the last layer (OLL).
  6. Permuting the last layer (PLL).
What is CFOP?

CFOP stands for Cross, F2L (First Two Layers), OLL (Orientation of Last Layer), and PLL (Permutation of Last Layer). It is a popular method for solving the 3x3 Rubik's Cube used by many speedcubers.

What is the Roux method?

The Roux method is an advanced solving technique that involves:

  1. Building a 1x2x3 block on one side.
  2. Building a second 1x2x3 block on the opposite side.
  3. Solving the remaining edges and corners.
  4. Permuting the last layer edges and corners simultaneously.
What is F2L in CFOP?

F2L stands for "First Two Layers." It involves solving the first two layers of the cube simultaneously by inserting corner-edge pairs into their correct positions.

What is OLL and PLL in CFOP?

OLL (Orientation of Last Layer) involves orienting all the pieces of the last layer so that the top face is a single color. PLL (Permutation of Last Layer) involves permuting the pieces of the last layer to complete the solve.

What are some common algorithms used in CFOP?

Common algorithms include the OLL algorithms (57 cases) and PLL algorithms (21 cases). Examples are the Sune algorithm for OLL and the T-perm for PLL.

How can I improve my solving speed for the 3x3 Rubik's Cube?

Practice regularly, learn and memorize efficient algorithms, use finger tricks, improve lookahead, and study advanced solving methods like CFOP or Roux.

What are finger tricks and why are they important?

Finger tricks are techniques used to turn the faces of the cube quickly and efficiently with minimal hand movement. They are essential for achieving faster solve times.

What is lookahead in speedcubing?

Lookahead is the ability to plan your next moves while executing the current ones. This reduces pauses and increases solving efficiency.

What should I do if my Rubik's Cube becomes unsolvable?

If your cube appears unsolvable, it might have been disassembled and reassembled incorrectly. Ensure all pieces are correctly oriented and positioned before solving.

How can I fix a popped piece on my Rubik's Cube?

To fix a popped piece, gently realign the surrounding pieces and snap the popped piece back into place. If necessary, partially disassemble the cube to reseat the piece properly.